Web hosting is probably the easiest part of owning a website. When compared to the coding and arrangement of your website, it certainly looks easy. However, as simple as it seems, it can become hellish without the right information.
The majority of web hosting companies roll out technical terms with the hope that you have done some research before attempting to host your website. The very best ones amongst them provide you with documentation to help you get the basics. But, the impatience of man generally means lots of people can’t carefully go through these series of documents. In this guide, we have gathered all the necessary information you need before hosting your website.
What is Web hosting?
Web hosting is a technical operation that involves placing your files on a server to make it available on the internet. For better understanding, it is the online equivalent of renting a shop to sell your physical goods.
Hosting can be through a hosting provider or locally. But, it goes without saying that local web hosting is complicated, time-consuming, and insecure.
Common Web Hosting terms
Below are some of the terms you need to be familiar with on web hosting.
Domain: This is the unique address through which visitors can search for your website online. It can be said to be the equivalent of your shop address through which customers can locate you. An example is www.teqporte.com.
Subdomains: A subdomain gives you the option of setting up various websites with a single domain. A good example is gallery.teqporte.com, with the gallery being the subdomain.
Top-Level Domains (TLDs): TLDs are the extensions of your domain name. An example is the .com at the end of www.teqporte.com. There are a series of TLDs with varying coverage and scope. Some examples are .org, .com.ng, .edu and .co.
Bandwidth: This is the total amount of data transferrable at a point in time. It determines the limit of resources you can access on your web server.
Data Transfer: This is the correct amount of data that is transferred at a particular time. It is sometimes mistaken for bandwidth, but they are different. Bandwidth can be said to be a train
that can convey 200 passengers, while data transfer is the actual number of passengers it conveyed.
Website builders: These are special tools that can be used to build a top-quality and effective website without the need for you to write any code.
Scalability: This is the ability of a web host provider resources to adjust to the growth of your website.
Prerequisites for hosting a website
Below are the basic things you will need to host a website.
1. Domain name
2. Server (either through a provider or locally).
What you need to host your website with a hosting provider successfully
As earlier said, when web hosting goes awry, it can become hellish. Hence, the following things need to be carefully considered to make your web hosting worthy.
1. Identify the type of website you are building.
2. Select a web hosting company to host with.
3. Choose a fitting plan for your website.
Identify the type of website you are hosting
This is the most important aspect of your web hosting. The type of website you want to build will determine the company you will host and its plan.
Similarly, you need to consider the future of your site. What are your plans for it? Who are the audiences? And the growth you are expecting on the website – are the things you need to put into consideration.
Some of the popular website types are online stores, business websites, blog websites, and individual websites.
Once you get this step right, the rest will come easy.
Select a web hosting company
Selecting a web hosting company is easier said than done. With the number of ineffective companies out there, this can prove to be troublesome.
Below are some basic factors you must consider in a web hosting company before committing to their service.
1. Customer service: This is probably the most important factor and a point where most web hosts fail. There are times you will have problems with your website that are beyond your control. Without an effective customer service system in place, your website might experience extensive downtime leading to loss of income or even worse consequences.
2. Security: With the ever-increasing rate of internet extortionists, your website security should be at the peak of your interest.
Some of the things that denote a host security level are
∙ Incorporation of encryption technology between the user and server.
∙ Active firewall rules and effective network monitoring.
∙ Administrative authorization feature i.e., only the authorized people, can access the administrative parts of your website.
∙ Stable backup option in case of attack.
∙ SSL certificate.
3. Technical spec: The spec you need in a web hosting company depends on the type of your website. Some of the basic ones are scalability, bandwidth, accessibility, and database type.
4. Server Reliability: Server reliability determines the performance of your website. It is paramount you check for a web host with confirmed 99% percent uptime. Anything below is a disaster. Although if your website is a beginner’s website with very little traffic, you might not have problems with uptime.
Similarly, if your website is a large one that depends heavily on uptime, check on the web host’s redundancy claim. With redundancy, they certify that their server is effective, and if you lose income due to server problems on their part, you will be compensated.
5. Price: The cost is always the deciding factor in every business. However, it shouldn’t be the deal breaker in web hosting. A web hosting company that offers the best quality should be your choice irrespective of the price.
However, if two or more companies are offering the same quality at varying prices, you should go for the cheaper option. Lastly, your website type has a lot to do with the price of the web hosting service you will subscribe to.
Selecting the right type of web hosting
There are different types of web hosting plans. Each of them more suited to some websites than others. Below are the common types of web hosting plans
Shared hosting: It is the cheapest of all hosting services. Shared hosting involves sharing a web server with multiple websites at once. It is the best plan for beginners with a modest traffic rate.
Virtual Private Server (VPS) hosting: VPS hosting is more like the shared hosting but with some notable improvements. With VPS hosting, you share the main server with fewer websites than in shared hosting. Also, all websites are allocated with their own space and resources. VPS hosting is suitable for websites with not-so-high traffic.
Dedicated hosting: Dedicated hosting is the most expensive type of web hosting and rightly so. This is because you will have a whole server to your website alone. This hosting service is suitable for large websites with insane traffic and websites that cannot afford havings downtime.
Cloud hosting: Cloud hosting is the latest and, arguably, the most effective type of hosting. It involves hosting your website on a multi-server hosting platform. With this, the problem of downtime and frequent need to switch between plans is eliminated. It is suitable for any website, especially middle to large websites with very high and rapidly growing traffic.
Reseller hosting: This involves reselling a hosting space bought at wholesale price from a provider to clients for profit. This plan is for those that intend using web hosting as a source of income. Not for anyone that’s only interested to host a website.
FAQS ON WEB HOSTING
Q. Can I host my website with another company after getting my domain name from a different company?
A. Yes, you can. You don’t need to buy and register your domain name with the same company. In the same vein, hosting your website with the company you got your domain is not compulsory you. Some companies only sell domain names without hosting, while some only host and do not sell domain names.
Q. Can I start with a local server and later move to another hosting provider?
A. Yes, this is possible. But, hopefully, you were only using your local server to test your website!
Q. Why should I host my website?
A. Well, the answer is simple, without hosting, your website remains with you on your system in your room!
Without an iota of doubt, you should be able to approach the web hosting world with lots of confidence. You will learn-on the deeper you go with hosting, but you surely have the basics needed to get started in this write-up